This poem by prominent physician and author Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr. (1809–94), written for the Boston Mercantile Library Association’s celebration of Washington’s birthday on February 22, 1856, has us look back and remember the hero Washington and consider what it means to honor the nation’s “Father.” Writing just a few years before the outbreak of the Civil War (in which his son, the future Supreme Court justice and author Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. would fight), Holmes warns his readers to “doubt the patriot whose suggestions / strive a nation to divide!” These patriotic themes were common among a group of New England writers known as the Fireside Poets (whose members included Holmes, William Cullen Bryant, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, John Greenleaf Whittier, and James Russell Lowell) who wrote for ordinary citizens and raised 19th century American poetry to the same level of popularity as that coming from England.
Why does Holmes believe that Washington’s birthday is “Dearer still as ages flow”? Three times he invites us to “see” images of Washington, from birth to death. What picture of Washington does he create for us? More important than these “seeings,” he asks us to “Hear the Father’s dying voice.” What, according to Holmes, is Washington’s final teaching? And what should be the current generation’s relation to Washington and his words? As 21st-century Americans bid “Welcome to the day returning,” can we still hearken to our Father’s counsel and heed his warning against national division?