Edith Wharton (1862–1937) was a Pulitzer Prize–winning American novelist and short story writer. Born to a well-to-do family in New York City, in 1921 she became the first woman to win the Pulitzer Prize, awarded for her book The Age of Innocence. Shortly after the turn of the twentieth century, Wharton moved to Paris; she never gave up her American citizenship, but for the rest of her life, France was her home. Notable works include The House of Mirth (1905), Ethan Frome (1911), and The Custom of the Country (1913), among others. She wrote an autobiography, A Backward Glance (1934).