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Independence Day

By Wendell Berry



Not everyone celebrates Independence Day with parades, barbecues, and fireworks, or with a reading of the Declaration of Independence. In this poem, the prolific author, cultural critic, and farmer Wendell Berry (b. 1934) celebrates the holiday in the woods. What does he mean by suggesting that, “As America from England, [so] the woods stands free from politics and anthems”? The poet claims that it is “in the woods [where] I stand free, knowing my land.” What does he mean? Is America the land? Are the woods America? Is our freedom at bottom not at all civic or political? (Compare Berry on this with William Cullen Bryant’s presentation of our original natural liberty in “The Antiquity of Freedom.”)

What is Berry suggesting by transforming “My country, ’tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing” into “My country, tis of the drying pools along Camp Branch I sing”? What, according to the poem, are the songs of God? Does this way of celebrating Independence Day represent a fulfillment of the American idea of freedom—which includes a secure right to pursue happiness, as each of us sees fit—or is it a distortion of it? To what extent does our freedom to enjoy private life—and the world of nature—rest on our political institutions and on the attachment of our fellow citizens to the well being of the republic—that is, on politics and anthems?

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  1. […] Independence Day: An American Holiday William Cullen Bryant, “The Antiquity of Freedom” Walt Whitman, “America” Daniel Webster, Eulogy for Adams and Jefferson Walt Whitman, “The Centenarian’s Story” Sarah Josepha Hale, “The Soldier of the Republic” Walt Whitman, “The Last of the Sacred Army” Mark Twain, Speech on the Fourth of July, 1872 O. Henry, “The Fourth in Salvador” Samuel Francis Smith, “My Country, ’Tis of Thee” Sarah Orne Jewett, “A Village Patriot” John Updike, “The Fourth of July” Wendell Berry, “Independence Day” […]

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