Forward the Link

You want to share the page? Add your friend's email below.

Caged Bird

By Maya Angelou



Maya Angelou (b. 1928–) was born in St. Louis, Missouri as Marguerite Johnson. When she was eight years old, she was raped by her mother’s boyfriend, who was killed soon after his release from jail—probably by members of Angelou’s family. As a result, she became mute for almost five years, believing that her voice had killed the man. During the 1950s and 1960s, she participated in the Civil Rights Movement, serving as a coordinator for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. In 1969, she published her autobiography, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, and wrote several books of poetry in the 1980s and 1990s, including Shaker, Why Don’t You Sing? (1983), I Shall Not Be Moved (1990), and A Brave and Startling Truth (1995).

In the poem “Caged Bird,” published first in Shaker, Why Don’t you Sing?, Angelou draws from, and responds to, Paul Laurence Dunbar’s 1899 poem “Sympathy.” In that poem Dunbar writes:

I know what the caged bird sings, ah me,
When his wing is bruised and his bosom sore,—
When he beats his bars and he would be free;
It is not a carol of joy or glee,
But a prayer that he sends from his heart’s deep core,
But a plea, that upward to Heaven he flights—
I know why the caged bird sings!

In the final stanza of Angelou’s poem, she concludes:

The caged bird sings
with a fearful trill
of things unknown
but longed for still
and his tune is heard
on the distant hill
for the caged bird
sings of freedom.

What is the difference between the free bird (stanzas 1 and 4) and the caged bird (stanzas 2–5)? Why is the caged bird’s song a “fearful trill” (stanza 3)? With clipped wings and tied feet, why does the caged bird “open his throat to sing”? Who is the caged bird? Can you relate the bird to the struggle for civil rights in America?

4 Discussions Posted

Post a Comment

  1. Black History Month | Stuff Your Eyes With Wonder on February 9, 2014 at 1:17 am | Reply

    […] Compare Maya Angelou’s “Caged Bird” with Paul Laurence Dunbar’s “Sympathy.” Who is the caged bird? Why does it sing? Can you […]

  2. […] Maya Angelou’s “Caged Bird” with Paul Laurence Dunbar’s “Sympathy.” Who is the caged bird? Why does it sing? Can you […]

  3. Reverend Terrence K. Hayes on February 3, 2016 at 5:38 pm | Reply

    Ms. Angelou was quite a lady. I remember in the early eighties while teaching at a local middle school I went to a local television studio in Washington D. C. and she sited us in the audience and spent over an hour talking with the students and I. She was gracious and genteel.

  4. Terrence K. Hayes on February 3, 2016 at 5:41 pm | Reply

    She was a gracious lady who took a lot of time with children and gawking adults. I took a class of students to see her from the Nannie Helen Boroughs school in Washington D.C. and she spent a great deal of time learning names and taking an interest in all of us …

Post a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *